Getting back to BASICS!

Reflections towards an artful ecology of living…

final resting place for an MA show, nr mabe church, cornwall (pward 2012)

Having completed an arduous emotional, intellectual and aesthetic journey on the MA Art & Environment Course at University College Falmouth, (and receiving the highest accolades for my achievements I might add – a distinction and the Sandra Blow Award!!??) I am left in a hinterland of ‘where am I now?’, and how does this new, more informed and experienced me fit into the big wide world beyond the safety of the institution kind-of-feeling? Despite establishing numerous links and contacts, and even possible collaborations and residencies locally and internationally through my determined well-intentioned efforts, I still feel that a period of contemplation, reflection and self-nurturing is necessary before launching once more into the fray. A time of reconnection with and reevaluation of my inherent impulses and tendencies that have brought me thus far into the land of ecology and art…

 nurture, heal and deeply appreciate* (pward 2012)

My current projects include a collaboration with Royal Opera House Associate Choreographer Freddie Opoku Addaie (organized by Dance in Devon), invitations to talk at Aune Head Arts and the Devonshire Association, the research and installation of a permanent display about the locally significant earth pigment Bideford Black for the Burton Gallery, development of the 2013-14 CCANW programme Soil Culture, including a residency in association with Northern Devon’s Nature Improvement Area, continued development of North Devon’s UNESCO Biosphere Reserve’s Arts Strategy, applications for funding to conduct further research in Australia in 2013 regarding indigenous intelligence with Aboriginal Elder Noel Butler and the Floating Land Environmental Arts Festival, work with the Field Studies Council to initiate Art/Science Field Trips, a possible residency at the recently established University of Exeter’s Environment and Sustainability Institute (ESI) at Tremough Campus in Falmouth, ultimately leading to a possible Phd research post with RANE to explore the utilization of interdisciplinary and indigenously inspired arts within UNSECO Biosphere Reserves nationally and internationally.

home, westward ho! north devon (pward 2012)

Despite such lofty and well-meaning intentions my own tendency is not to seek out problem areas within the overwhelming ecological and economic circumstance in which we find ourselves and deliberately draw peoples attention to them through art or the offering of artful ‘solutions’, but to explore and celebrate those simple things and essential happenings that offer us a sense of our rootedness and experiential wonder at being part of this planet. The fact that as a species we have survived and evolved this far as part of the ever-changing and unpredictable universe is a miracle in itself. That we might continue to survive, against all the odds and amidst the contradictions and violence that seemingly surround us, is cause for great cultural contemplation and expression. I have been party to many long words (and even longer sentences) and many painful and ridiculous analogies of our current predicament during the last two years, yet the power of cold fresh water on my body or the heat of a simple log fire and food shared with friends, the exquisite sensation of a hand held in joy and love or the making of another like-minded acquaintance is enough to give real hope for the future and a sense that we will do what we must to preserve the beauty and abundance that life provides.

 ponsharden boatyard, penryn cornwall (pward 2012)

Travelling regularly to Falmouth from North Devon to participate on the MA has led to probably the most ‘carbon-heavy’ period of my life, and so to (re)establish a lifestyle more aligned with my political and ecological intentions and its spiritual implications is one of the first considerations I will aim to address. Thankfully the advent, development and prevalence of communications technology will allow a sense of community and sharing to continue. Personally I find motorized travel disturbing (far too much molecular vibration for my liking!). Not simply by the ecological damage it might impose but through its speed and noise, insisting upon a period of grounding and readjustment to each place that one encounters before a sense of balance and peace may be achieved. So what choices may I now make to allow for inspiration, purpose and simplicity to re-enter my life, and for the dis-ease of over-movement and excess to recede? Maybe I will just patiently listen to my situation, to my body and heart, to the place that I live and the relationships within it to find out before I calmly and quietly move on…

 returning back to nature* (pward 2012)

But before I do I would like to most sincerely thank all those with whom I have shared this journey over the last few years, fellow students, tutors, associates and acquaintances alike. May we all find the purpose and meaning our lives require and the means to support and sustain us…

 

PW2012

*http://dancingwithdyes.wordpress.com/ 


(not quite) a whole tree

MA ART & ENVIRONMENT SHOW 2012

4-8 September, Woodlane Campus, Falmouth, Cornwall TR11 4RH

For my final MA ART & ENVIRONMENT exhibition at University College Falmouth, as well as a selection of BUNDLES OF STICKS and indigenously gathered materials within a workshop/studio installation and a show reel of videos completed during the course (https://intim8ecology.wordpress.com/anim8/), I continued my work with COURAGE COPSE CREATIVES by appropriating a single larch tree. The following statement accompanied the exhibition… 

 MA Show space 24812 

Vincent Large felling a larch tree at Courage Copse Creatives 13812

As part of our daily lives we are faced with the constant dilemma of taking life and utilizing resources for the purpose of our own survival. In this age of environmental and economic crisis it is not just a matter of whether we should or whether we have the right to continue to interact within the universal ecology, but rather how and how much we choose to do so and also the respect with which we treat the resources that are provided.

The 20 year old, 15-metre Japanese Larch (Larix kaempferi) presented here was felled as part of a woodland restoration project in North Devon – Courage Copse Creatives is based on a PAWS (Plantation on Ancient Woodland Site). The dense crop of Larch and Douglas Fir was originally planted in the 1930’s as part of the Forestry Commission’s drive to supply timber for building and agricultural purposes. In this particular instance such fast growing hardy species were imposed onto oak and hazel coppices dating back at least 400 years. The intensive nature of planting of inappropriate species of the region has led to soil degradation and a decrease in the rich biodiversity associated with manually sustained woodlands of this kind.

 (not quite) a whole tree, 13812

Courage Copse Creatives intends to restore (to a certain extent) the previous coppice through the implementation of small scale, low impact initiatives and enterprises as part of the woodland including charcoal and biochar production, firewood, building timber, forest hens and ecological art projects. Within previous planning and land use laws to pursue what would seem a perfectly reasonable and sensible endeavour has revealed an incredibly complex bureaucracy to negotiate. While often protecting the environment and people’s livelihoods such laws may also act as a barrier to creative and appropriate resolution of our present ecological difficulties, simply maintaining the power dynamic that undermines an individual’s ability to act freely for the good of all – yet another dilemma of our current crisis.

As an ecological artist, involvement with such projects has provided opportunities to experience and share such dilemmas and dichotomies first hand.

horntail (Uroceros gigas), courage copse 13812

PW2012


The Home & The World A REPORT

A Summit for Artists and Thinkers at Dartington Hall, South Devon, June 19-21 2012

(Through personal involvement developing a project for 2013-14 with RANE and CCANW (Soil Culture) represented by a participatory earth painting workshop and inclusion of A BUNDLE OF STICKS within the programme of events, I was invited to share a report with the ecoartnetwork about this conference organised by Aune Head Arts. Here is my response …)

Thank you for your interest in the proceedings of the HOME & THE WORLD Summit. It was my first experience of a conference of this kind and therefore my account can only be a very personal, subjective one…

Despite some technical hitches (involving skype link-ups for participants who were unable to attend) which were a great shame  and the wonderful English weather (it rained heavily and superbly for the second half of the 3-day event but the climatic situation was of course embraced with good humour and resolve), the summit was an excellent, inspiring and informative meeting of like minds within a beautiful setting.

The selection of presentations, subject matter, issues and approaches from bizarre and massive spectacle to intimate process and subtle and humourous installation, from downright academic to hands on and dirty, from urban to human to rural to surreal to hi-tech, as well as the heartfelt reports of effective interventions in areas of conflict worldwide affirming the incredible diversity of skill, determination and emotion that is encompassed by those of us who feel the relevance and power of the arts about and within the World.

(As minor criticism, there was a certain difficulty in participating more fully in the very packed programme, and in too often presenting such intimate work within the architectural/structural/conventional restraints of dark and rigid lecture theatres while the world called outside and eyes strained to make contact with speakers and audience alike.)

 a bundle of sticks @ THATW (pward 2012)

Personally the Summit offered an excellent opportunity to share new work (mistakes and all) and affirm and validate it within a truly supportive community of local, national and international people – we are not alone, and as suggested by Beth and David’s comments this is reinforced all the more by ‘real’ interaction – many new friends and possible positive futures being established.

I felt the diversity of presentations suggested and affirmed the value of framing our work as ‘art’, of how such an inference creates a different space within which to engage with ‘good work’ and hence amplify its purpose. This is not to undermine the value of all the incredible, large- and small-scale ‘good work’ being done around the world to challenge the ecocidal paradigm in whatever form, but to recognize the value of the imaginative and energetic cultural space that art can provide both to learn and express our place in the world.

A particularly refreshing and pertinent thread running through the Summit for me was the challenge of expressing our implicate place within the matter of the universe rather than setting ourselves outside or beyond its influence, and the difficulty our (previous) conditioned means of communication presents within our work towards such a perspective (especially well expressed in the work of Alex Murdin and Cathy Fitzgerald).

 participatory earth painting @ THATW 1 (pward 2012)

To conclude there was talk of how we might create a legacy of the connections and good work done at the Summit and of the possibilities, practical and financial difficulties and limitations of online networks. My personal preference being an online directory/resource/network of UK based ecoart to provide reference and evidence of our working practices when approaching possible partnerships, along the lines of greenmuseum.org but highlighting the well-hidden work being done here – to provide examples of locally relevant work possibly being more helpful than international examples. There is great suspicion of all art in the UK, and as always a lack of awareness of its potential ecological functionality, so many would rather work creatively but unannounced within other structures to avoid the cultural barriers society has established to ‘protect’ itself from the misrepresented and misunderstood art practices of the past, than embrace the preliminary educational feat needed to negotiate for funding and recognition within such a mindset – any resource to enable this and hence the possibility of more ecoart to my mind must be worthwhile. (Unfortunately, I am presently a little too busy with  other work to commit to such a proposal but …)

Some form of publication is planned to represent the Summit, alongside the podcasts, but first Richard Povall and the Aune Head Arts team are taking a well-deserved break for a few weeks after their efforts to organize the event.

A next gathering in the UK was proposed in Falmouth, Cornwall at the “Environmental Utterance Conference’ being organized by Natalia Eernstmann (RANE PhD research student) in September 2012 , along with another proposed conference as part of the Soil Culture Project also in Falmouth for September 2013. This next conference also coincides with the 2nd MA Art & Environment Show at University College Falmouth, led by Daro Montag, so keep a space in your diaries if you’re interested …

 participatory earth painting @ THATW 2 (pward 2012)

further information: 

http://www.auneheadarts.net/conference2012/www.rane-research.org . www.ecoartnetwork.org 

cathy fitzgerald: http://ecoartfilm.com/ . http://dev.ecoartnotebook.com/

alex murdin: www.ruralrecreation.org.uk 

PW 2012


an education in sustainable arts: why on earth would I want to do that?!

Following misapprehension and discontent aired on the ecoartnetwork about the lack of interest from graduates towards new courses exploring aspects of cultural response to climate change, sustainability and other such globally (and locally) important issues, I would like to offer some thoughts based on my own experience as part of one such course – the MA Art & Environment at University College Falmouth[i] developed by Dr Daro Montag and the RANE group in the UK.

 a childhood in nature (from the ward family photo archive)

For those of us who are deeply involved in ecological art and its development the many attitudes and assumptions we take for granted within our practice and vocation are maybe not always obvious  – how perhaps we have been fortunate enough to be introduced during our childhood to the sense of empathy and responsibility that we hope to catalyse in others, or the practical skills and knowledge relevant to the ecological remediation actions we propose and even the power and potential of art as a means for social change. The pressing and desperate sense of responsibility we all feel towards the present crisis often clouding our perception as to what is right before our eyes. It is often also the case that we do not fully acknowledge those art practices that fall outside the mainstream of our vocational intent such as object making, art for therapy and pleasure and the multitude of functions that it plays both individually and culturally in our lives.

“Re-engaging with the raw materials from which our lives are shaped is a potent reminder of the difference between what is real and what is only illusory” Anna Konig[ii]

During my MA in Falmouth the discrepancies between our individual motivations and assumptions has become one of the most dynamic aspects of the course, providing an excellent opportunity for discussion and reflection on the nature of our approaches to what is ultimately a hugely diverse area of art practice. Participants on the course range from artists (painters, sculptors, photographers, performers) to management consultants, activists, conservationists, garden designers, ornithologists and fashion designers. While our individual dedication to environmentalism has been unquestionable and created an incredible sense of community within the group, our attitudes and experience of the function and form art might play within our political objectives has been a constant matter of philosophical debate. Such healthy and open-minded conversation has allowed us all to crystallise and define the way our own individual aptitudes might be utilised or simply how we might chose to respond towards the process of ecological reconciliation we hope to support.

 teaching ecology (from the ward family photo archive)

However, one of the main bones of contention to be levelled at the course has been that we had primarily enrolled on the course as artists, whatever that meant to us at the time, and not as environmentalists or social practitioners, even though we all had an interest in ‘the environment’ in some way. What quickly became apparent was the course’s emphasis on issues and on the scientific interpretation of such issues, albeit framed within the context of (environmental) art, which led to a stimulating but often badly managed forum for philosophical debate. Many of us felt that such focus detracted from our main objectives – that is to explore and develop as contemporary artists, rather than as environmentalists, to investigate the dynamics and material of communication through art practice rather than through a deeply emotional engagement with the politics and despair of our times. But then is it really possible to explore one without the other? Can we detach the matter of politics and science from our practice as artists?

“The opinion that art should have nothing to do with politics is itself a political attitude…” George Orwell[iii]

Art in the West is too often a statement or expression of our privilege obtained through imperial domination. Until we can be honest with ourselves about this dimension of our behaviour, accept it as part of our nature and how it is manifest in our art, we will continue to produce work that potentially aggravates rather than alleviates the social and ecological issues we are facing. The dynamic ecology of this planet implies responsibility for its care – if we do not look after it all we are merely destroying ourselves – this makes no sense at all. However such an attitude of care is the complete antithesis of the dislocation and disconnection perpetuated by our civilisation, which purposefully aims to deny our individual power to respond in favour of corporate interests.

The prevalent attitude within art education is still that of modernism – art should and can only refer to itself, rather than anything of the world, that it should not be treated exclusively as ‘instrumental’ towards one cause or another, and that by doing so it in some way decreases its quality and value as art. But it must be remembered that such an attitude is certainly one of the attractions of art – to ‘escape’ from or avoid or skirt around the responsibilities that the world presents – to deny our influence and power in the world – and politically this is certainly not discouraged. It is generally only after some degree of life experience that our, and arts, potential as a powerful medium of social change becomes apparent and that we begin to recognise our aptitude for such work. Regarding the value and quality judgements levelled at ‘instrumental’ art, it is maybe better to see this as a challenge to produce work that simply sweeps aside such accusations. Indeed, those actions, which are not recognised as ecoart, are often the most effective through their ability to sidestep anti-environmental propaganda and stand up in their own right, and this is increasingly becoming the case.[iv]

 217 holes (paper + polythene bags; pward 2010) 

But then the fact that art is in some way escapist should really come as no surprise, nor our tendency to keep it that way. We live in a civilisation that has developed through a desire to often detach itself from the harsh reality of living on this earth, to dislocate itself from the means of production and sustenance that represent the memory of our long struggle with and against nature in order to survive thus far. To change this attitude towards this constant everyday labour and to celebrate and embrace it as our primary objective on this earth is maybe one of the greatest issues that ecoartists might address. But such action boldly contradicts the very structures upon which it seems our comfortable survival depends, and it takes a great deal of courage to make the leap of faith that such a calling implies.

Added to all this, as the contemporary tendency towards mind-altering drugs and passive consumption belies, the world we live in, that we have created through our inherent inclination towards comfort and security and which is constantly (and not perhaps innocently) portrayed by the media, is no longer a pretty place nor one that inspires any sense of trust or joy in our ability to behave differently. It is no wonder that we do not want to spend our time choosing to look any deeper at the crises we are presently facing, nor that we do not believe in our ability to constructively engage with them. Obviously those of us who are fortunate enough to have sensed some alternative means of associating with the world are more in a position to communicate our understandings, but this takes not only a willingness but also an aptitude and highly developed skill set to do so.

 picking up sticks with michael, west somerset (pward 2012) 

This is not to say that artists are not deeply concerned with such issues, or that by any means every artist shares such ecologically orientated political goals, but that it is often not the motivation behind an individual’s choice to do or become an artist. And while it may seem that the sensitivity towards the world that art may promote should possibly go hand in hand with a sense of our power and responsibility towards nature, this is seldom the case. Maybe art has an intrinsic function within human society – to heal or to question, or to catalyse change, or simply to celebrate and entertain through our manual dexterity and the resultant intellect that its has engendered – but it cannot be taken for granted that such eventualities are always for the good of all. It is maybe more often simply a self-perpetuating expression of our existence within the world and to perceive it differently is maybe yet another manifestation of our arrogance to believe that we can control the course of nature.

“I will act as if what I do makes a difference” William James[v]

But let’s say, just hypothetically, that we can change the course of history, or at least our perception of it. That we can through our sensitive and sensible actions prolong our habitation as part of this earth, not just in our own interest but in its best interest, then how might we go about it? And how might we, as seemingly individually inconsequential aspects of this planet and universe, begin to appreciate its ever-changing complexity in order to confidently deploy such actions? And, more pertinently to this article, how might we encourage and catalyse such perception in others whose education thus far has unceasingly portrayed its opposite? What in our artist’s palette might appeal to or attract any potential recruits to the ‘cause’? Personally the prospect of ruminating over the causes and effects of our civilisation’s suicidal tendencies or representing a scientific appraisal of such information or even contemplating the agricultural methods by which we may redress such folly does not appeal to the more artistic bent within me. It certainly would not be why I may have adopted art as a career of life path, despite my current understanding of its relative importance.

 timeless discoursed (paint; pward 1998)

 It seems that we may need some understanding of communication, often displayed in the more commercially practical forms of art, such as graphic design, illustration and storytelling and the means thereof, before we begin to appeal to those in doubt. This is not to say that we adopt the subversive or underhand tactics displayed by most corporately motivated propagandists, but that we are aware of the power of such methods. For example, how might we make something seemingly mundane and unappealing attractive without undermining the spiritual self-worth of our audience or employing deception on any level? And how might we learn to observe the world through fresh eyes and convey our enquiries, through skillful and sensitive application to the circumstances we are experiencing? Or how have we already received and interpreted the plethora of imagery and sensory messages, both natural and artificial, bombarding us everyday throughout our lives? And even, what is the motivation behind them? What art offers us is perhaps the opportunity to explore such aspects of our experience, both intuitive and rationally empirical, and to transform them into something that further enriches and promotes our being[vi].

My own (eco)artistic inclination (and interest) would be to offer educational opportunities to explore these very means by which we may artfully communicate, not as a means to impose our beliefs upon another but as a reciprocal approach to respond to nature and the world in which we energetically exist. As a practising painter I sought to express the experiences I absorbed while in nature, its magic and wonder, its intimate relational complexity if you like, in the hope that through observation of such devotionally created objects I might inspire or channel some of the wonder that I felt to others. I have since appreciated the limitations of such a medium while also becoming aware of the diversity of other means through which such spirited information may be conveyed. While I understand that this is maybe not the motivation or method behind all artists work I do feel it portrays many of the elemental concerns which inspire people to become artists and that engage artists almost devotionally with the natural world.

“At the heart of today’s ecological crisis lies a terrible failure to understand the essence of our relationship with the natural world. One can of course address that failure rationally and empirically; but the arts (particularly the visual arts) offer different insights into that relationship, and touch people in ways that conventional education and advocacy can rarely do.” Jonathon Porritt, Director, Forum for the Future, UK.[vii]

Whether we are seeking to express a relatively literal response to climate change or oceanic pollution, or to more intuitively engage ourselves and an audience (of whatever form) with the resplendent diversity of this world it is still the ‘mechanics’ and philosophy of communication that underpin our practice. To explore such, admittedly quite practical, methodology is surely the essence of our art practice rather than the subjective discussion and spurious study of political issues, despite their implications to our response. As artists we must learn to observe the world through a variety of lenses and to interpret the ‘data’ gathered in a way that may appeal to and engender a response in others. Without such aptitude and skill maybe we should not call ourselves artists at all. Likewise if the work that we produce, in whatever form, does not embody the beliefs and processes we profess to keep then maybe that too should be brought into question.

 family outing 1996 (from the ward family photo archive)

 This then brings me to another doubt I have about the offering of such educational experiences as forwarded in the original question – how is the prolonged disembodied study of empirical and academic theory and data an expression of our joyful or meaningful existence as part of this most physical planet? It is maybe better to focus on activities that lead to a genuine sense of well-being amongst participants, or at least activities that appeal to self-confessed or appropriate aptitudes, rather than focusing on the desperate conclusions of the environmental sciences, or gazing into a book or computer screen for hours on end. Such practice more often than not promotes a deepening sense of dis-ease about the situation and a consequent manifestation of guilt through our own disempowerment.

‘The only sound enough motivation for doing anything is joy. All other motivations, such as guilt, compulsion, obligation and duty only lead us to dissatisfaction, tension and resentment. When we are engaged in what truly gives us joy, we lead ourselves inevitably to more and more challenging, powerful lives which affect more and more of the world.’ Christopher Spence[viii]

Maybe, an art education towards sustainability could be asking ‘How might we utilize art towards ecological reconciliation?’ rather than proposing ‘This is how we might utilize art towards ecological reconciliation!’ – offering spaces for open-ended and individually creative responses in what is after all a relatively new and incredibly diverse movement. In a similar vein, while we have a responsibility to the planet and all its inhabitants, our responsibility to ourselves as agents of change within the ecosystem is also vital. Any experience or activity that does not promote or engage its participants with such principles, or offer support for any apparent short-sightedness relating to the emotional or physiological implication thereof, should seriously reconsider its methodology.

 a bundle of sticks residency, courage copse (pward with katy lee, 2012)

 So what roles can art play in this unfolding drama, and what activities might promote a more powerfully embodied communicative response? My answer would have to be ‘MANY AND OFTEN but not necessarily big and noisy’! I have already suggested that art practice may still be (and traditionally has been) the most responsible and sensitive way by which we may observe and express the world, especially when performed in conjunction with other disciplines. I do however feel that its more specific power is in its skill and understanding, learnt or otherwise, by which it communicates – whatever that may immanently imply. But then there are so many beguiling contradictions and peculiarities in this world that it would be impossible to offer any general overarching formula. For example, maybe the only genuine way to deal with the impending global catastrophe is to celebrate our shared humanity, to embrace our exceptional nature and to rejoice in our implied communality. An element of art is the celebration of our technological and aesthetic dexterity. However this also intrinsically affirms our supposed dominance and our privileged reliance on others to provide the practical and material means that support such privilege. Without a change in the way we perceive art within society as well as the nature of work and labour in this world, towards an art and society within ecology, we will continue to struggle with an attitude of disinterest, and against an attitude of self-interest, perpetuated through a phenomenological misunderstanding of the nature of our interconnected existence, and a lack of conceptual understanding of the totality of what we are trying to achieve.

“A literal restatement of how things are and an emphasis on external action alone will not help us to end the great suffering of nature, or the dangerous contradictions inherent in our view of progress. It will also not help us develop more reverential perspectives toward other living beings, or deal with the complex questions of our supposed stewardship. The way we inhabit the world will not be transformed simply by information. As the coordinator of a UK climate change organisation has said: “We have enough information to have caused us to change our lifestyle decades ago. What is holding us back?” Deeper levels of connectedness are vital if we are to find the energy and commitment needed to make such enormous changes.[ix] Shelley Sacks, Social Sculpture Research Unit, Oxford Brookes University.[x]

To conclude I would like to add that my own experience of such an educational framework has been a most enlightening and productive one, maybe not always enjoyable and hardly ever confirming my limited expectations of what such a course might provide. But then that is maybe how we learn and, as already mentioned, the nature of such work is that its method is still very much in the making. Likewise, my experience and opinions are personal ones encouraged by my own aptitude and interests as a practising eco-artist with a background in graphic design and illustration, and a definite inclination towards a sense of animate belonging in the wild environment. While by no means perfect according to the sustainable values we might judge our actions by, this experimental course[xi] that I ventured upon has offered an excellent and flexible opportunity to actively participate in and shape itself to suit the needs of its contributors, while providing a rich source of differing opinion to play against my own strong views. And ultimately it has provided a caring and diverse community of similarly motivated individuals to continue to share and develop my practice with.

 earth dancing (paint; pward 1998) 

But the most essential aspect of the course, and what I feel sets it apart from other art courses, is the numerous field trips when we leave the ivory towers, the lecture theatres and indoor studios, away from the self-effacing reams of academic pontification, to participate more fully with the world – to actively contemplate our subject in its correct context, accompanied by the birds and beasts, the wind and rain, getting our hands dirty at last…

PW2012


[i] http://www.falmouth.ac.uk/201/courses-7/postgraduate-courses-43/art-and-environment-ma-2855.html

[ii] Anna Konig The Joy of Making, Resurgence Magazine ISSUE 263 • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010

[iii] http://orwell.ru/library/essays/wiw/english/e_wiw

[iv] http://www.ucl.ac.uk/art-history/about_us/academic_staff/dr_tj_demos/Demos-Art_After_Nature.pdf

[v] from Suzi Gablik; THE REENCHANTMENT OF ART (London; Thames and Hudson; 1991)

[vi] See the work of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe who explored holistic science as a means towards sensible perception in the 18th Century. His work is currently cited by many inter-disciplinary and ecoartists such as Shelley Sacks (www.universityofthetrees.org) and Jan van Boeckel (www.naturearteducation.com) who utilize his idea of ‘organs of perception’ as a means towards behavioural transformation in their practice, and contemporary holistic scientists such as Dr Stephan Harding (www.schumachercollege.org.uk).

[vii] from http://www.universityofthetrees.org/about/instruments-of-consciousness.html

[viii] from AIDS Time to Reclaim Our Power by Christopher Spence (LONDON; Lifestory; 1986)

[ix] from http://www.universityofthetrees.org/about/instruments-of-consciousness.html

[x] http://www.social-sculpture.org/

[xi] The MA Art & Environment Course at University College Falmouth led by Dr Daro Montag could often be seen as an experiment in a form of Social Sculpture, as proposed by the German artist Joseph Beuys, bringing together diverse but interested parties into an open-ended dialogical structure. The creative potential of the course has possibly been best displayed in its ability to circumvent and accommodate the criteria for running an MA course within a mainstream educational establishment while still fulfilling its ecozoic intentions.